Smart Textiles for a Better Life and Future
Smart Textiles are simply mean textiles that digitally combined with many electronic gadgets such as lights (LED bulbs), batteries, circuits with small computers etc… and has the ability to respond external environmental changes of both physical and chemical that surrounded by it with the help of sensors and tracking objects on the garments. Smart Textiles are also well known as E textiles (Electronic Textiles), Smart garments Smart Clothes and Smart Fabrics. These textiles are giving a different kind of value to the ordinary human clothes. And these Smart cloths will take the textile field to another level.
Basically, E-Textiles have two main categories. The first one is aesthetic and the second one is performance enhancing. Aesthetic fabric or textiles are embedding with lights with electronic power. These Aesthetic Smart Clothes has the ability to respond to the external changes such as sound, heat, vibration, sound, electric or magnetic current PH level moisture and such. These changes are affecting those garments by changing colours and lighting. Performances enhancing Smart Textiles are based on athletic, extreme sports and military applications. These clothes are using to analyze the performances of athletes and improve their performances. These E-Textiles are designed for regulating athletes’ body temperature, reduced wind resistance and also to control muscle vibrations.
Other than that there are many fields that already using these Smart Textiles for various purposes such as space travel, health and beauty industries.
The classification of Smart Textiles
Every Smart garment is allocated into three different categories according to its characteristics and functionalities.
01. Passive Smart Textiles/ The First Generation
These textiles are only responding to external environmental conditions and changes. And these clothes are embedded only sensors.
02. Active Smart Textiles/ The Second Generation
These types of Textiles are consisting of both sensors and actuators. Active Smart Textiles has the ability to memorize the shapes, regulate the temperature, and absorb vapours, storage heat and also waterproofing.
03. Ultra Smart Textiles/ The Third Generation
Ultra Smart Textiles is a very different category that comparing with the other two categories and it is even more advanced than the others. These garments work something like a brain because of its own specific units and microcomputers which has an advanced technology. So these kind Textiles are more than just a sensor. It also has the ability to adapt to the external environmental conditions and react to them even without a preprogramming.
(Source: – Jennifer m. Ramos via Getty Images)
Main categories of E-Textiles
- Main contents of Smart Clothes
- Data processing
- Giving response
From these five contents of Smart Clothes, Sensors are the key factor in any kind of smart thing so it applies to Smart Textiles too. Smart garment’s sensors have the ability to react for plenty of stimulus such as motion, thermal, light, magnetic, humidity, touch, sound, gravity, position, pressure and vibration, stretch, temperature with chemical and biological.
Different kind of Sensors
- Pressure Sensors
- Temperature Sensors
- Proximity Sensors
- Chemical Sensors
- Gas Sensors
- Infrared Sensors
- Level Sensors
- Motion Detection Sensors
- Accelerometer Sensors
- Optical Sensors
- Humidity Sensors
Smart Textiles industries
(Source: – www.shutterstock.com)
Entertaining Smart Textiles were made a fabulous impact on the entertaining field. And it was a huge revolution around all kind of performances and costumes wares in this field. These textiles are responding to the movements, lights and heat. So when these garments are involving in a performance, it makes an ultimate experience for the entire audience.
(Source: – www.wovow.org)
Sportswear Smart textiles have the ability to monitor the heart rate, blood pressure and temperature etc… during your whole workout period. Also, it will analyze entire information that monitored during your workout and will indicate on a display.
(Source: – www.sportswearable.net)
The wearable monitoring system has been involved in the healthcare industry in the form of Telemedicine. This concept is based on analyzing their health conditions by themselves. Then people have the ability to move forward to taking professional doctors’ advice and their health treatment.
Future of the Smart Clothes
The smart textiles industry will make massive evolution in the textiles industry in near future as the impact of recent development and researchers. Smart Clothes will expand its usability for many other fields. And also it will be developed current Smart Textiles’ levels, features, capabilities and performances etc… So Smart Textile will be the major part of the textile sector in the future.
Also, Smart Textiles market value is continuously getting high year by year. Check the following chart about market value. And experts in the field are expecting overall Smart Textiles industry’s market value will growth varies up to $4 billion by 2020.
(Source: – MarketsandMarkets – Statista)